Perennial Photo Gallery

Echinacea purpurea


ACANTHUS - Bear's Breeches

Large, deeply cut leaves. Full sun to part shade. Well drained soil. Propagate by seed or by division in early autumn or spring. A. spinosus is hardy here in zone 6, Mollis lives in our greenhouse in the winter.


Fernlike foliage and large, usually platelike flower heads mainly in summer.
Flower heads may be dried for winter. Best in a sunny, well-drained
site. Propagate by division in early spring or
fall or by softwood cuttings in early summer.

Achillea Heidi

ACONITUM - Monkshood

ALCEA - Hollyhocks

Old fashioned flowers, full sun, nice and tall. These photos are all of unnamed
varieties grown from seed from a red flowered plant.

ALCHEMILLA - Lady's Mantle

ALLIUM - Onions

Most have narrow, basal leaves which smell like onions when crushed.
Most have small flowers packed together umbel.
Open sunny location and well-drained soil.
Plant bulbs in autumn.

ALOCASIA - Elephant Ears

Not frost hardy. Ours live in the greenhouse or a sunny window over
the winter. Likes high humidity and partial shade.



Alyssum saxatile


Known for their huge and dramatic but foul smelling spathes. Fertilization is
by flies who mistake the plant for rotting meat. Most of these like
shade, but some will grow in full sun.
A lot of these are tropical, but if you look, not even all that hard, you'll find a
number that are winter hardy, at least to zone 6.



Full sun to light shade. Self seeds. Blooms mid-summer until frost.


Spring flowering. Sun or shade.


Fully hardy. Likes a sheltered, semi-shady spot with rich, well-drained but moist soil.


AQUILEGIA - Columbine

Clump forming perennial with mainly bell-shaped, spurred flowers spring and summer.

Aquilegia canadensis ecos

Full sun to light shade.
These cross freely, so if you grow several
you may find a new color in your garden.

ARISAEMA - Jack-in-the-Pulpits



A large family of perennials and spreading dwarf sub-shrubs and shrubs, some evergreen.
Grown for their fernlike mostly silvery foliage.
Open, sunny, well-drained location.


Tuberous perennials grown for their ornamental leaves and attractive spathes,
each enclosing a pencil-shaped spadix of tiny flowers.
Sun to part shade, moist but well drained soil.

ASARUM - Ginger

Rhizomatous perennials, some evergreen, with pitcher-shaped flowers
carried under kidney or heart shaped leaves. Good ground cover.
Prefers shade and humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. Self seeds readily.

ASCLEPIAS - Milkweeds

Grown for it's flowers. Stems exude a milky white latex when cut.
Sun and humus-rich well-drained soil.


Daisy like flower heads that bloom in late summer and fall. Sun to part shade. Tall types may need staking.


Summer flowering. Light shade. Some make good dried flowers. Rich moist soil. Propogate by seed or division, but doesn't especially like to be disturbed.


ASTRANTIA - Masterwort

Sun or semi-shade and well drained soil.


Grown for both foliage and flowers. Requires well-drained soil and full sun. Propagate by cuttings.


Summer flowering. Fully hardy. Full sun and deep, well-drained soil, preferably neutral to acid. Best not disturbed once planted.




Mostly not hardy, with the exception of only a few. Grown for flowers and a wonderful assortment of colored leaves.


BLETILLA - Hardy Orchid

Deciduous, terrestrial orchid, half hardy zones 5-8. Flowers in late spring. Needs shade in summer.

BOCCONIA - Plume Poppy (also called Macleaya)

Summer flowering, sun to light shade. cordata is tall - 5 or 6 feet. Zones 4-9


An annual herb with wonderful blue flowers all season. May self seed. Grows in full sun or light shade.

Borago officinalis


Spring flowering - you can't miss those bright blue flowers.
Light shade and moist soil are preferred.

CALANTHE - Orchids

Deciduous, terrestrial. These are quite hardy here in zone 6. Spring to early summer bloom.


Evergreen, bushy shrub. Zones 5-7. Blooms late summer through fall.

Calanthe tricarinata



The one which grows here dies back to the ground each winter. Bright yellow, pea-like flowers
in summer. Best in full sun, but will tolerate light shade.

CENTAUREA - Bachelor's Buttons or Knapweed

Centaurea Amethyst in Snow

A group consisting of annuals and perennials with thistle-like flowers. LIkes sun and any well-drained soil, even poor soil. Some varieties can be quite invasive while others are very well behaved.



CHELONE - Turtlehead

Semi-shade and moist soil. Blooms in late summer.


Fall blooming, best in full sun. Pinch back at tips until mid-summer to keep plant neat.


Fully hardy, light shade, moist soil. Those with taller bloomscapes may need staking, though ours have not needed it so far.

Cimicifuga Brunette

COCHLEARIA - Horseradish

Sun to light shade. Mature plants can have a piece of root harvested to grate
and mix with vinegar for a condiment.


Autumn flowering here with crocus-like flowers. Open, sunny location in well-drained soil.

CONVALLARIA - Lily of the Valley

Spring flowering. Prefers partial shade. Any soil, but prefers humus-rich, moist soil.


Flowers can be white or pink
Leaves can be plain, edged or striped.

COREOPSIS - Tickseed

Daisy-like flowers. Full sun in fertile, well-drained soil.


Corydalis ochroleuca


Spring and summer flowering with spurred, two lipped flowers. Divided, fern-like leaves. Full sun to light shade, depending on variety.

CROCOSMIA - Montbretia

Brightly colored flowers in summer - reds, oranges and yellows.
Sword-like, erect leaves.
Needs well-drained soil and an open, sunny location.



Well-drained soil in sun to part shade.


DARMERA - Umbrella Plant

Sun or shade. Requires moist soil.


Succulent. Requires full sun and very well drained soil. Any dampness in the winter will kill them even though they are zone hardy here.


Fully to half-hardy. LIkes Sun adn fertile or rich, well-drained soil. Lots of these have gorgeous blue flowers.

DIANTHUS - Pinks or Carnations

Narrowly lance-shaped, silvery or grey-green leaves. Clump forming. Good for cut flowers. Zones 4-8. Flower summer through fall.


DICENTRA - Bleeding Hearts

Dicentra Burning Hearts

Semi-shade, humus-rich, well drained but moist soil. Elegant sprays of pendant, mostly heart shaped flowers.

DIGITALIS - Foxglove

Biennials and perennials. Most self-seed freely. Will grow most anywhere, but are best in semi-shade and moist but well-drained soil.


DISPORUM - Fairy Bells

Spring or early summer flowering. Cool, semi-shaded location in humus-rich soil.

DODECATHEON - Shooting Star

Spring and summer flowering. Dormant after flowering. Sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil.


ECHINACEA - Coneflower

Flowering summer through frost. Sun and humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil.

EOMECON - Snow Poppy

Genus of one species. Spreads by underground runners. Sun to light shade. Long, palmate, greyish leaves. Flowers randomly spring through fall. Invasive, but easily controlled.

Eomecon chionanthus


Ground cover. Full sun. Dry soil.


Epimedium acuminatum

Delicate airy flowers in spring. Some varieties are evergreen here. Partial shade in humus-rich, moisture retentive but well-drained soil.

EQUISETUM - Horsetails - Scouring Rush

3 kinds grow here, sun or shade. moist or dry. All spread by underground runners.

EREMURUS - Foxtail Lily

ERYNGIUM - Sea Holly

Erysinum linifolium variegatum

Sun and fertile, well-drained soil.


Needs sun and well-drained soil.



Eupatorium bloo

Full sun to light shade. Not too picky about location. Self seeds freely. The variegated variety we grow comes true from seed.


Flower heads are composed of cup-shaped bracts. Sun to part shade in moist, but well-drained soil.

FILIPENDULA - Meadowsweet

Spring and summer flowering. Full sun, except for Aurea which likes light shade. Moist, even boggy soils will make some of these happy, especially rubra.

Filipendula kamschatchensis


FRAGARIA - Strawberries

Low growing, spreads by runners, mostly like sun.



GALIUM - Bedstraw

Spring and summer flowering. Does well in partial shade but will tolerate sun. Thrives in any well-drained soil.

GAULTHERIA - Wintergreen

Shiny green leaves, white to pink flowers and red fruit. Shade or semi-shade and a moist, peaty, acid soil.


Summer flowering, sometimes short-lived perennial. Full sun and light, well-drained soil.

Geranium maculatum


GERANIUM - Cranesbill

Geranium sanguineum Elke

Some like sun and others light shade. Will grow in any but waterlogged soil.


Summer flowering. Full sun. Moist but well-drained soil.

Geum Mango Lassie


HELIANTHUS - Sunflowers

Summer and fall flowering. Most have large, daisy-like, mostly yellow flowerheads. Sun and well-drained soil.

HELLEBORUS - Christmas Rose or Lenten Rose

Hellebore Picotee

Many are evergreen, new leaves coming after flowering in spring. Excellent for woodlands. Semi-shade and moisture retentive, well-drained soil.

HEUCHERA - Coral Bells or Alumroot

Evergreen, summer flowering perennials which form large clumps over time. Semi-shade and moisture retentive but well-drained soil.


Full sun to light shade. These all die back over winter. Cut back dead stems
in fall or early spring. Will grow in wet soil.



Another genus of one species. Marginal water or garden plant. Spreads by rhizomes. Can be invasive. Semi-shade and moist soil. Insignificant white flowers.

HYDRASTIS - Goldenseal

HYMENOCALLIS - Peruvian Daffodil

Hymenocallis narcissiflora

HYPERICUM -St. John's Wort

IBERIS - Candytuft


Omeiana is perennial here and capensis is self seeding. Light to heavy shade and moist but not waterlogged soil. Fall blooming with dangling flowers that look like goldfish.




Jeffersonia diphylla


Showy yellow flowers. Sun to light shade and fertile, well-drained soil.


Summer flowering. Light shade, in deep, moist, lime-free soil.


KNIPHOFIA - Red Hot Poker


Good ground cover for shade with yellow flowers.

LAMIUM - Deadnettle

Good ground cover for shade. Resents winter 'wet feet'.

LAVENDULA - Lavender

Evergreen. Summer flowering with grey-green leaves. Full sun and very well drained soil.


Fall blooming. Light shade. Well-drained soil.



Ligularia Midnight Lady

Daisy-like flowers. Best here in shade and moist but well-drained soil. Will need extra water in a dry summer.

LILIUM - True Lilies

Summer flowering. Sun to light shade.
Highly scented, mostly large flowers.

LIMONIUM - Statice

LIRIOPE - Lilyturf

Good ground cover. Evergreen. Sun and well-drained soil.


Sun and moist but well-drained soil. Likes to be at the water's edge, but not in water. Doesn't like wet feet in the winter.



Sun and well-drained soil.


LYSICHITON - Skunk Cabbage


Marginal water or bog plants with handsome spathes and mostly glossy green foliage. Early spring blooming. Prefers sun. Will grow in still or running water.

LYSIMACHIA - Loosestrife

Such a large group that it's hard to generalize as some are tall,
some groundcovers (see the groundcovers section for those),
some need full sun and other full shade.
Some will even grow into the edge of a pond or bog.

Lysimachia punctata Alexander

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    This page was updated on January 11, 2017.


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